History of Hockey
When it’s come about national game of our country we all know that it is hockey. But how that hockey game comes to the view of people, when its rule are stated and from now moving reverse what is its story at that time all combinigly called history of hockey.
It’s a long way hockey game passed to be in the form right now we are watching before it is played in many different ways having no fixed rules and regulations. As it is been verified that hockey is being played by the Egyptian 4000 years before and also by the Ethiopia in 1000 BC.
In England at mid of 18th-century hockey played in between villages have no rules. Each team consists of max 100 players trying to hit the ball into the opponent village. But in this game most of the times injuries comes to act as violence among the players.
Considering an eye on this problem the Sports master of Harrow public school suggested a solution in 1852, that each team should have maximum 30 numbers of players.
The game we are watching now in the 21st century was modified at Eton College in England in 1860s. In 1875 the first hockey association was formed, which leads to the remodification of the rule stated in the 1860s. In 1890 the World hockey association form an international rule that gives rights to the umpires that they can make a decision without waiting for players to appeal.
Also, Check the History of Kabaddi.
Rise Of Professional Hockey:
The hockey game comes to act when the first Professional league was hosted by the United States in 1904. Then it spread all over the world when the first Olympic hockey competition was held in London in 1908.
Rules and Regulations:
Types of Hockey:
As hockey emerges as a popular international game, it has different forms played in different countries. Here are some of the popular forms listed below.
Bandy is played with a ball in a football sized pitch, with rules which is similar to football. It is the national game of Russia and also played in Sweden.
- Field hockey
Field hockey is played with a hard ball of 73mm in diameter on gravel, natural grass or a water based artificial ground. This game is popular in countries like Europe, Asia, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa and Argentina.
- Ice hockey
Ice hockey is played on a large flat area of ice, using a 3inch diameter (76.2mm) vulcanized rubber disc. This game is played in all over the North America.
- Roller hockey(inline)
Roller inline hockey is similar to ice hockey. It is played between two teams consisting of 4 skaters and one goalie.
- Roller hockey (quad)
It is also known as quad hockey which is played in over 60 countries and has a worldwide following.
- Sledge hockey
Sledge hockey is a form of ice hockey which is designed especially for the physically disabled players. In this, the player sits on a double-bladed sledge and use two sticks to play. Canada is the root of the development of this game.
- Street hockey
It is also known as road hockey which is played on a hard surface ground.
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